Sanskrit hymns and Subhashitas



The land of Bharata is called Deva-bhu and Sanskrit language – a devine language. There is an undercurrent of spirituality in the entire Sanskrit literature, which is primarily based on the achievement of the four-fold objectives called Purushartha – chatushtayam i.e. Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha. Hence there is hardly any work which may be found lacking in the usage of excellent effective sayings, but from ancient times, specific works have been written by poets and scholars to compose beautiful collections of good saying only in order to inculcate moral values in the coming generations. Some of the ancient works in this direction are Raja-niti Samuchchaya, Chanakya-Niti-Darpanam, Nitisara, Niti-Pradeep etc.
Later on, in modern times, efforts have been made to collect such sayings from the entire ocean of Sanskrit literature. Subhashita-ratna-bhandagara is one such popular collection. There is one more Subhashita Sangraha in a number of volumes by Ludwig. Sanskrit Academy has published seventen volumes of Sukti samgraha which contain subhashitas from vedic hymns, puranas, epics, Jain and Bauddha granthas, Mahakavyas, works on various sciences and poetics etc. Prof. Satya Vrata Shastri’s Subhashita Sahasri contains 1000 verses collected subjectwise from various sources. Kapil Deva Dvivedi’s Sukti Sangraha is also very popular. Some private publishers have also come forward to bring out very useful works. Manjula Manjusha and Shiksha Sukti sangraha published by Nita Prakashan, Sanskrit Sukti Sindhu by Madan Lal Verma are excellent efforts in this direction.
Sanskrit works like Panchatantra, Hitopadesha, Epics Ramayana and Mahabharata, Bhartihari’s Nitishatakam are excellent encyclopaedias of subhashitas.